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W.B. Jones Spring Co., Inc.
140 South St.
Wilder, KY 41071

Fax: 1-859-581-7700

SMI Founding Member

WM Jones corporate video

Springs Fast Since 1913


Understanding Options in Spring Materials

Posted on September 28, 2017

There are a wide range of spring designs to accommodate an extensive array of applications, including extension springs, compression springs, torsion springs, and custom spring designs. Spring end types and shapes vary significantly depending upon the type of job they are designed to do. A not so obvious difference in springs is the type of material used in its fabrication. Different spring materials are available to suit the wide variety of jobs they do. Knowing the characteristics of the spring materials you can choose from will help you to choose the right spring for your application.

Even with the broad spectrum of spring applications, the vast variety of springs are fabricated from six basic types of materials. The chart below shows the different materials and their respective characteristics.

Material Characteristics
Music Wire Highest quality cold drawn, high carbon wire. High strength with a good surface finish.
Hard Drawn MB Cold drawn wire for average stress applications. Medium strength and low cost.
Oil Tempered Wire Wire is cold drawn and heat treated before fabrication. Good general purpose spring wire for torsion springs and springs that require a large wire diameter.
Stainless Steel 303 Cold drawn general purpose wire. Features include corrosion and heat resistance.
Phosphor Bronze Not used as commonly due to cost. Cold drawn, featuring good corrosion resistance and electrical conductivity.
Brass Not used as commonly due to cost. Tends to tarnish and change color over time. Features good corrosion and water resistance.


To learn more about spring material options, check out the video below. Then give us a call to discuss your spring needs! In a good spring design, spring material characteristics will be matched, not only to the job demands, but also work environment in which it will be used.

Understanding Wire Types from Mike Witte on Vimeo.

Compression Springs Catalog – Find the Spring You Need

Posted on September 28, 2017

Compression Springs CatalogNo matter what the job or application, finding the right compression spring is essential. Just a small difference in the design of a compression spring can mean the difference between success and failure.

W.B. Jones understands the importance of having just the right compression spring for the job. That is why we include such a wide in-stock selection in the W.B. Jones compression spring catalog. For over a century, W. B. Jones has been the trusted name in springs of all varieties, including compression springs. Our complete line catalog also features our comprehensive selection of extension springs, torsion springs, spring assortments, and more.

Finding the compression spring you need is fast and easy using the 36-page W.B. Jones spring catalog.   You will find specifications and details about our compression springs organized in chart format to help you easily identify the spring you need. Simply select the material, end type, and finish you require for your product or process.

W. B. Jones is also your source for custom compression springs. Our compression spring catalog includes simple and concise order form for getting compression springs made to your precise specifications.

Do you need to order more of a compression spring you already have?  Simply follow our guide to measuring compression springs or watch our tutorial compression spring measurement video

Find the W.B. Jones compression spring catalog in downloadable PDF format at

Our team of spring specialists is here to assist you with any question or order. Contact us to discuss your needs.

Torsion Spring Design

Posted on August 29, 2017

torsion spring designTorsion springs are helically engineered springs that operate by exerting torque. They work by applying rotary force to two objects, or parts of a finished product. A simple example of a torsion spring application would be a clothes pin. The torsion spring statically holds the pin closed by deflecting the spring legs across the centerline body axis. The torsion springs can also store and release angular energy.

Torsion springs are engineered to varying specifications of load, wind, deflection, spring rate, and other properties. A number of considerations go into torsion spring design. Design details are dictated by the application and are based on factors such as:

  • Dimensional constraints
  • Rod usage
  • Body length
  • Leg bend and length
  • Deflection length
  • Required torque
  • Free length angle
  • Material

Torsion spring design considerations also include whether or not a finish will be used, and if so, what type of finish will provide optimal performance for the application. When torsion springs are needed for corrosive environments, in which the spring will be exposed to harsh weather or moisture, stainless steel or another type of corrosion resistant metal will be used. If the conditions are especially demanding, however, an additional finish may be needed to provide optimal performance. A few finish options that are commonly used include black oxide, passivate, gold iridite, and zinc.

When the spring is not well-suited or designed for the application, torsion spring failure can occur. Corrosion or other steadily destructive forces can lead to serious problems. Since torsion springs are most often used in applications that involve large amounts of force, sudden and unexpected failure can put nearby property, or worse yet, people at risk. It is critical that torsion spring design be appropriate for the job. The best way to assure you get the right torsion spring design that will deliver performance, reliability, and safety is to choose a knowledgeable and experienced manufacturer.

W.B. Jones has over 100 years’ experience providing quality torsion springs, both stock and custom to meet your needs.

Over a Century of Stock Springs and More

Posted on August 29, 2017

stock springsIn 1913, the W.B. Jones Spring Company began doing business as a stock spring supplier to hardware stores throughout the U.S. and Canada. In those early days the company was known for spring assortments packaged in handmade wooden cabinets. Over the years our stock spring selection expanded along with our capabilities as a custom spring provider.

Today W.B. Jones is a leading stock spring provider, dedicated to providing top quality springs to meet the needs of a wide range of industries. W.B. Jones stocks the best selection of off-the-shelf springs to meet most application needs, including compression springs, extension springs, torsion springs, and spring assortments. Our stock spring selection includes a variety of lengths, diameters, rates, materials, and load strengths.

As one of the most comprehensive spring companies, our offering has grown to include not only a comprehensive stock spring selection, but also custom springs and wire forms for a wide range of applications. Our commitment is to provide the highest quality products as well as excellent customer service and dependable delivery.

W.B. Jones Spring is your source for stock and custom springs

Our extensive line of stock springs means we can deliver the springs you need fast, with stock orders generally shipping in one day. In the event that our stock springs do not meet your needs we make it easy for you to order custom springs to precise specifications. Whether you have an existing design or require the assistance of our spring design specialists, we will manufacture the custom springs to meet your application needs and budget.

We invite you to shop our extensive selection of stock compression springsextension springstorsion springs, and die springs. If you don’t find what you need, contact us to discuss your spring needs with one of our specialists.

Spring Life Expectancy

Posted on July 31, 2017

Spring Life ExpectancySprings play an important role in the function of many products and systems. When choosing springs, spring life expectancy is an important consideration. Since springs are used in such a broad range of applications and environments, spring life expectancy can vary and can be difficult to determine.

Some of the variables that influence spring life expectancy include materials used, environmental conditions, and the amount of force involved in the application. The way a spring is designed also affects how long the spring will last. In fact, most cases of premature spring failure occur due to a flaw in the design of the spring.

Spring design flaws that influence life expectancy can involve poor materials and workmanship, but they can also be due to improper design. If a spring was not designed properly for its application, you can expect the spring life to be very short. Stress or force beyond what the design allows can lead to spring breakage or cause the spring to set. For example, an extension spring designed for strength may lack flexibility. If extended too far, it may break in the body or at the ends.

Choosing the right material for the application is also important part of the design. Hard drawn wire is most commonly used for low stress applications, while high stress applications need a stronger choice, such as music wire. If the spring will be exposed to harsh elements, consider using a grade of stainless steel or zinc plating. These options will deter rust and improve the spring’s life expectancy.

One of the most important things to keep in mind about life expectancy is that it is very difficult to determine.  There are so many different factors involved, some of which are unknown, that it’s hard to define. The environment in which the spring operates is probably the biggest unknown. Discussing these environmental factors with our team will help ensure proper design and in turn a longer lasting spring.

In order to achieve optimal spring life expectancy, trust a spring supplier that will assist you in evaluating your process and determining the best design for your job. The spring design specialists at WB Jones are here to assist! Contact us today!

Spring Assortments – Assorted Springs When You Need Them

Posted on July 31, 2017

Assorted SpringsDo you frequently need a spring of some kind in your warehouse, workshop, garage, or machine shop? If so, you will want to know that W.B. Jones offers a wide selection of high quality spring assortments. These sets of assorted springs are available in a variety of quantities, featuring specific spring designs to provide you with just the right spring when you need it.

W.B. Jones has been offering spring assortments for over 100 years and is one of the items that helped launch us to the company we are today. The original assortments were packaged in hand- crafted wooden boxes with drawers, as pictured below, and were a stable at hardware stores across the USA. We still find these wooden assortment boxes being sold on EBAY from time to time. While we no longer use the wooden boxes for assortments, they have become decoctive items in our office and homes and continually remind us of W.B. Jones earlier days.

Recently, we made a change to plastic cabinets and trays. These are lighter and less cumbersome than the larger wooden boxes. Each cabinet clearly identifies the springs included making it easy to reorder and find a spring that works best for an application.

Assorted spring sets from W.B. Jones are available in three main types of spring assortments:

  • Compression and Extension Spring Assortments
  • Compression Spring Assortments
  • Extension Spring Assortments

Wires sizes for these assorted springs range from .012 to .162 inches. Lengths vary from .406 up to 12 inches. Our assortments contain a mix of materials and finishes, including hard drawn steel, music wire, zinc plating and galvanized steel.

Avoid frustration, hassle, and the expense involved with buying individual springs on an as needed basis. Spring assortments from W.B. Jones offer a great way to cost-effectively maintain a quality supply of assorted springs.  Contact W.B. Jones for assistance in selecting the best assortment to meet your needs, or browse our assorted spring sets and buy online today.

Tension Springs Explained

Posted on June 26, 2017

Tension springs are wound helical coils that are wrapped tightly together to create tension. Also called extension springs, tension springs provide extended force when the spring is pulled apart from its original length. These springs typically have hooks, loops, or end coils at both ends of the body, which attach to other components. When these attached items move apart, the tension spring pulls them back together.

Tension springs oppose extension in the way they are wound. The actual tension of the spring varies depending on the load requirements of the application. Spring tension is determined by the outside diameter and wire diameter of the spring as well as how tightly the spring is coiled.

Tension springs are available in a wide selection of sizes for applications ranging from springs for small medical devices to trampoline springs. Automotive parts and assemblies, garage door components, vise-grips, washing machines, farm machinery, and toys are just a few more examples of end products that commonly include tension springs.

Tension springs end styles vary based on the application for which they are being used. Changing the diameter of the coil, wire thickness, and length of the spring, allows these springs to accommodate a variety of loads and application requirements. Tension springs, like most types of springs, can be made from a broad range of different materials to suit particular application needs. Factors such as temperature, stress, and corrosive elements that come in contact with the springs will have an impact on the material selection.

W.B. Jones specializes in the design and fabrication of high quality tension springs. Our experience and capabilities include the fabrication of custom tension springs made to precise specifications. All of our springs are manufactured in the U.S. and most custom orders ship within 3 to 10 days.

W.B. Jones is a respected and dependable source for both stock and custom quality tension/extension springs. We are available to assist you in finding custom tension springs that will meet all of your application requirements and fit within your budget.  We can create new spring designs or match existing custom designs to deliver the tension springs you need when you need them.

Three Issues That Cause Springs to Fail

Posted on June 26, 2017

When your product or assembly depends on a spring, spring failure is simply not an option. End product quality suffers and as a result so does the profitability of your business. The best way to prevent spring failure is to understand what causes spring failure in the first place. This post examines three issues that can cause spring failure.

  1. Spring Stress

In most spring failure situations, the cause is stress or force that exceeds what the spring is designed to handle. Failure due to spring stress is typically the result of a flawed design, which creates a condition of overstress. The application of too much stress, or more force than is allowed for by the design can cause the spring to break or take set.  For instance, an extension spring that is designed for strength will have very little elasticity. If extended too far, it becomes extremely stressed and susceptible to breakage. This damage can occur at the spring body or at the spring ends. In the event of spring failure due to spring stress, adjustments can be made to prevent future issues.

  1. Wrong Material Choice

Understanding the application for which the spring will be used is essential in the selection of its fabrication material. There are many spring wire material options to choose from; the choice will depend on characteristics the spring function will require. For example, music wire is a good option for springs that will require high strength. Gaining an understanding wire types will be very helpful in choosing a material that will reduce the chances of spring failure.

  1. Poor Finish or Incorrect Finish Selection

Springs can fail if they are subjected to harsh or caustic conditions. While spring material choice is a factor, the type of finish the spring has is also important. Depending upon the application requirements, springs can be left plain or finished using: zinc plate, black oxide, passivate, or some other type of coating. An experience spring manufacturer will discuss these options with you and guide you in the selection of the best choice for your application.

Spring failure can be avoiding by selecting a knowledgeable spring supplier who will listen to your application requirements and help you select a spring design that is suited for the job. Factors that should be considered include the required extended length to the required load to the actual measurements of an existing spring. The more specific details are factored into the design phase, the less likely it is that spring failure will occur.

Have you experienced spring failure issues? Our team of experienced engineers can help you with assessing the problems and developing a spring that meets your needs. Contact us to discuss your project.

What is Music Wire?

Posted on May 31, 2017

Music wire is a highly versatile type of wire, however as the name implies, it is best known for only one of its uses. It is made from high carbon steel, making it ideal for high-stress applications such as piano strings. In this particular application, the wire is stretched to an extreme amount of tension and it is continuously struck by hammers to create the piano’s sound. This example provides a great illustration of the strength of music wire.

In addition to its high and consistent tensile strength, music wire is also able to handle severe bends. These characteristics make this type of wire a widely used choice for coiled springs. Another advantage music wire offers is its cost, which is comparable to the lower quality carbon steels, especially when the wire diameter is small and the quantity needed is low.

For all of its advantages, there are some drawbacks to using music wire:

Lack of corrosion resistance – application of a protective coating such as zinc plating is an option however it will just slow the corrosion.

Inability to withstand high temperatures – For high temperatures above 250 degrees F, 302 stainless steel is a better option.

Loss of high tensile strength as the wire diameter increases – In most cases spring designers will recommend oil temper at these large wire diameters.

Not cost effective in low stress and large quantity applications – Hard drawn carbon steel is a better choice for large production needs and low stress applications.

When you need springs, it is best to speak with an experienced spring manufacturer that can help you determine which type of spring and which material will provide you with the best application fit and performance. If you are not sure whether or not music wire springs are the best choice for your application, contact us to speak with one of our spring experts.

Need Small Springs? – 5 Ways We Can Help

Posted on May 31, 2017
  1. We have comprehensive small spring manufacturing capabilities.

We are your experienced spring manufacturer with comprehensive small springs manufacturing capabilities. We complete all phases of spring manufacture including design, fabrication, and finishing processes.

Stock Small Springs – When it comes to springs, W.B. Jones has the best selection of off-the-shelf springs to meet most application needs. It is easy to search our stock spring inventory to find the length, diameter, rate, material and load strength you need.

Custom Small Springs – If one of our stock small springs does not meet your needs we will make custom small springs to your specifications. Get access to design assistance through our highly qualified design team. We will create springs to meet your requirements and work within your budget.

  1. We can make a small sized spring from your sample.

When you need a new supply of small springs we can replicate a spring you already have. All we need is a sample and we will obtain the accurate measurements needed to make it. Our smallest stock is.088” OD and our smallest in stock wire diameter is.007”, but if a smaller spring is required, we can accommodate your needs.

  1. Our team can provide assistance with your small spring application.

We manufacture springs for a broad range of applications and assemblies including those used in appliances, electronic devices, medical equipment, and much more. We calculate the spring rate as well as the maximum load and travel. In the case of an overstressed spring design, we’ll figure out how to change the specs to avoid spring failure. You will be assured of springs that will fit and work appropriately.

  1. We are happy to fill orders of any size.

W.B. Jones does not have a minimum order requirement, so whether you need two small springs or 200, your shipment will arrive to you in one to two weeks. Expedited shipping in 24 to 72 hours is also available when needed.

  1. We make small springs from a variety of materials.

W.B. Jones makes springs from music wire, stainless steel (types 302, 304, 316), spring brass, and phosphor bronze in spring tempered form. The tempering process involves the cold extrusion of wire to increase its strength and reduce the need to harden the spring once wound.

Need small springs? Contact us to get your springs delivered fast.

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