Same as “closed not ground ends”, except that the end is ground to provide a flat plane.
Same as “open not ground ends” followed by an end grinding operation.
What does it mean when a compression spring “takes a set”?
This is when a compression spring is slightly overstressed. When it is compressed beyond its maximum safe deflection, the spring becomes shorter (takes a set) than it was before it was compressed.
What is the solid height of a compression spring?
This is the length of the spring when it is compressed so all coils touch each other.
What is the difference between “pitch” and “space between coils” of a compression spring?
The “space between coils” is the actual distance from the top of one coil to the bottom of the next coil. Whereas the “pitch” is the distance from center of one coil to the center of the next coil. Mathematically, the “pitch” is ALWAYS one wire size larger than the “space between coils”.